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SAT官方每日一题附答案和解析[阅读](2019年9月25日)

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I have already observed that, from their origin, the sovereignty of the people was the fundamental principle of the greater number of British colonies in America...

At the present day the principle of the sovereignty of the people has acquired, in the United States, all the practical development which the imagination can conceive. It is unencumbered by those fictions which have been thrown over it in other countries, and it appears in every possible form according to the exigency of the occasion. Sometimes the laws are made by the people in a body, as at Athens; and sometimes its representatives, chosen by universal suffrage, transact business in its name, and almost under its immediate control.

In some countries a power exists which, though it is in a degree foreign to the social body, directs it, and forces it to pursue a certain track. In others the ruling force is divided, being partly within and partly without the ranks of the people. But nothing of the kind is to be seen in the United States; there society governs itself for itself. All power centres in its bosom; and scarcely an individual is to be meet with who would venture to conceive, or, still less, to express, the idea of seeking it elsewhere. The nation participates in the making of its law by the choice of its legistlators, and in the execution of them by the choice of the agents of the executive government; it may almost be said to govern itself, so feeble and so restricted is the share left to the administration, so little do the authorities forget their popular origin and the power from which they emanate.

The underlined word "execution" most nearly means _______

A.production.
B.extermination.
C.presentation.
D.enforcement.

重点单词   查看全部解释    
venture ['ventʃə]

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n. 冒险,风险,投机
v. 尝试,谨慎地做,

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conceive [kən'si:v]

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v. 设想,构思,怀孕

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administration [əd.mini'streiʃən]

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n. 行政,管理,行政部门

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feeble [fi:bl]

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adj. 虚弱的,无力的

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exigency ['eksidʒənsi,-dʒəns]

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n. 紧急;紧急事件

 
executive [ig'zekjutiv]

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adj. 行政的,决策的,经营的,[计算机]执行指令

 
suffrage ['sʌfridʒ]

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n. 投票,选举权,参政权

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sovereignty ['sɔvrənti]

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n. 主权,独立国

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fundamental [.fʌndə'mentl]

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adj. 基本的,根本的,重要的
n. 基本原

 
emanate ['eməneit]

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v. 散发,发出

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